Nature and features of Research

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Nature and features of ResearchNature and features of Research

Research undertakes the depth study of any issues or subjects which helps to enhance the existing knowledge or solve any specific problem of an organization. Even though the features of different types of research are different but some common features of research are given below :

1. Objectives

A good research should be objective and it must answer the research questions specifically not in a subjective way. This requires the formulation of a proper hypothesis. Otherwise, there may be a lack of congruence between the research questions and the hypothesis.

2. Generalizability :

Generally, research is undertaken considering the sample. The findings found from the research should be applied in the large population even though it is drawn from the sample.

3. Free from personal biases :

A good research must be free from the researcher’s personal biases and must be objective and not subjective. It means that methodology should be used in such away so that researcher can not use his/her perceptions and change the data for manipulating the results.

4. Systematic :

A good research study should follow various well-planned steps i.e. all steps must be interested and one step should lead to another step. The use of such steps of research helps to bring uniformity in research work and report writing. Thus, research should follow the steps of research serially.

5. Reproducible :

A researcher should be able to get approximately the same results if the researcher uses the same methodology and investigation is conducted on a population having characteristics similar to the earlier study.

6. Directed towards the solution of a problem :

Research identifies the problems and investigates every aspect of the problems. It tries to find out the probable solutions to such a problem through depth study. Thus, research is always directed to the solution of the problems.

7. Logical :

Researcher collects the information from various sources and interprets the information. Research does not only present the result on the basis of interpretation but proves those results using various logic. Inductive and deductive studies are the example of logical reasoning.

8. Replicable :

Conducting research using the same methodology is replicability. Conducting research on the same subject repetitively helps to increase the reliability of research results. Previous theories should be tested again to improve in those theories after a pace of time and such repeatedly tested results can be easily generalized in the large numbers of organizations.

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